Generalised Anxiety Disorder?
A person with with GAD
find it difficult to control his/her worry. He/she may worry more than seems warranted about actual events. There is a tendency to expect the worst even when there is no apparent reason for concern. The individual may be overly concerned about future, health, financial issues, career, work, etc. When a person finds it difficult to control worry on most of the days for at least six months and has other symptoms of anxiety
, a diagnosis of GAD
Signs and symptoms of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD):
Persistent worrying about trivial concerns that’s out of proportion of the event,
Inability to let go of a worry,
Inability to relax,
Difficulty in concentration,
Physical signs and symptoms of GAD may include:
Fatigue or tiredness,
Muscle tension or muscle aches,
Frequent gastric upset or irritable bowel syndrome,
Social Anxiety Disorder/Social Phobia?
In Panic Disorder
the person experiences spontaneous seemingly out-of-the-blue panic attacks and is preoccupied with the fear of a recurring attack. Panic attack
s typically occur unexpectedly, without warning. They can happen at any time — when you’re sitting in a chair, driving a bike, at the market, or even in the sleep.
Signs and symptoms of Panic attacks:
Feeling of impending doom or danger,
Fear of dying,
Racing, pounding heart rate,
Trembling or shaking,
Shortness of breath or tightness in chest,
Dizziness, lightheadedness or faintness,
Numbness or tingling sensation,
Feeling of unreality or detachment
One of the characteristic things about panic disorder is the anticipatory fear of having another attack. The fear of having a panic attack is so much that you avoid situations where they may occur.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Treatment for anxiety disorders:
, also known as Social Phobia
, is characterised by fear of being judged, negatively evaluated, or rejected in a social or performance situation, and is associated with intense anxiety. People with social anxiety disorder usually worry about acting or appearing anxious, or being viewed as stupid, awkward. An exposure to a social or performance situations, often triggers anxiety and distress. They also experience physical symptoms of rapid heart rate, nausea, breathlessness, and sweating. The anxiety is often overwhelming and people with social anxiety often feel helpless against their anxiety. As a result, they often avoid a social or performance situation.
Signs and symptoms of social phobia:
Fear of situations in which you may be judged,
Fear that others will notice that you look anxious,
Fear of physical symptoms that may cause you embarrassment, such as blushing, sweating, trembling or having a shaky voice
Avoiding doing things or speaking to people out of fear of embarrassment,
Avoiding situations where you might be the center of attention,
Having anxiety in anticipation of a feared activity or event
Spending time after a social situation analyzing your performance and identifying flaws in your interactions,
Cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT)
and Behavioural therapy
(BT) are known to be the most effective form of psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder
, panic disorder
and Social Phobia
. It focuses on teaching you specific coping skills to gradually return to the activities you’ve avoided because of anxiety.
Medications are often used in initial stages to treat generalized anxiety disorder. Antidepressants, including medications in the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) classes, are the first-line medication treatments. In circumstances, sedative medication may be prescribed for relief of anxiety symptoms.