What is depression?
Most people feel anxious or depressed at times. Loss of loved ones, losing a job, a divorce, failure in exams, breakup of relationships, familial discord can lead a person to feel sad, scared, lonely, nervous, or anxious. These feelings are normal reactions to life’s stressors. But when these feelings persists daily or nearly daily for no apparent reason, which also impairs normal daily functioning, it indicates that the person may have an anxiety disorder, depression, or both.Very commonly, someone with an anxiety disorder also suffer from depression or vice versa. Almost half of those diagnosed with depression are also suffering with an anxiety disorder. The good news is that these disorders are both treatable, separately and together.
What are signs and symptoms of depression?
Low mood, Irritability
Low energy levels,
Not feeling like enjoying
Difficulty in falling asleep, or excessive sleeping,
Lowering of appetite,
Anxiety, uncontrolled worrying,
Hopelessness, Suicidal thoughts,
Diagnosis and treatment of Depression:
The person suffering from a major depressive episode
experiences depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, and reduced energy leading to diminished activity for at least two weeks. Most people with depression also suffer from anxiety
symptoms, lack of sleep and appetite, feeling of guilt or low self esteem, difficulty in concentration and bodily symptoms of headache, backache that are often unexplained medically.
The treatment options include psychological treatments (such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy [CBT], Behavioural activation) and antidepressant medications.Of these, cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression (CBT) works to replace negative thinking patterns with more positive and realistic ones. These treatments focus on taking specific steps to overcome anxiety and depression.
Drug treatment includes selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) medications.
As with any illness, treatment should be tailored to a specific diagnosis. We have a systematic approach to dealing with our patients’ problems, and help them through a round of clinical counselling session to firstly, introduce them to their problems, and then show them the way to dealing with and confront those conflicting issues. In severe cases, we take the help of medicines.